dog breeds Total: 369 Breeds

Central Asian Ovtcharka

Central Asian Ovtcharka
Central Asian Ovtcharka Photo #1


Central Asian Ovtcharka is a calm and cheerful dog, proven to be an excellent keeper and, over time, has become more and more represented as a pet thanks to the perfect adaptability it possesses.

Overview (History)

Central Asian Ovtcharka was created by natural selection that lasted more than four thousand years in the vast territory that today encompasses the area from the Caspian Sea to China and from the southern Urals to Afghanistan. It originates from the oldest dogs in Tibet, shepherd dogs closely related to Mongolian sheepdogs and Tibetan mastiffs. According to experts, the systematization and standardization of the Central Asian Shepherd lasted over 4000 years, during which this breed changed in different ways and crossed, until, according to the criteria, this perfect breed obtained.

Difficult living conditions and the constant fight against predators influenced the temperament of this dog, made it strong and fearless.


Confident, balanced, quiet, proud and independent. These dogs are very brave and have great workability, stamina, and an instinct to defend the territory. Showing fearlessness towards large predators is their characteristic trait.

Although this is a lovely dog, its temperament can be problematic in certain circumstances. The Central Asian Ovtcharka can be uncomfortable with other animals and show signs of aggression. This dog needs to have an authoritative owner who will guide his fierce temperament.

The owner should show him that he is a leader and that he must obey him. However, the owner should by no means be aggressive towards or harass the dog, but approach the training with a lot of patience.

The Central Asian Ovtcharka is a dog that needs a lot of space to run daily. It is advisable to have a large yard that needs to be fenced. This breed requires long walks and opportunities for recreation.


The very precise crossing of the breeds of dogs and the selection of the individuals obtained made the Central Asian Ovtcharka a dog of extremely good health. These dogs rarely get sick, especially considering all the vaccines they need.

The very precise crossing of the breeds of dogs and the selection of the individuals got made the Central Asian Ovtcharka a dog of good health. These dogs rarely get sick, especially considering all the vaccines they need. The most common disease is hip and elbow dysplasia. The lifespan is 12-14 years.


According to the length of the hair, several species of this dog have evolved over centuries, or rather decades of evolution, depending on the area and climate:

  • Central Asian Ovtcharka longhair — they come from Tajikistan. These dogs have long hair, between 7 and 8 cm long;
  • Asian Dry Type — this Central Asian Shepherd inhabits Uzbekistan and has a short hair, because of the climate prevailing in this territory;
  • Short-haired type — this species originated in Turkmenistan. The hair is very short, between 3 cm and 5 cm, but thick.

Central Asian Ovtcharka has very lush hair, which is why you need to brush it at least 3 to 4 times a week. But when spring comes, shedding intensified, which is why brushing must become daily and, sometimes, multiple.

Because of its great appearance and incredible guarding skills, the Central Asian Ovtcharka has become popular with dog lovers and spread to other parts of the world.

Breed Information

Breed Group:Working
Guardian Dog (UKC)
Size:Large to Giant
Life span:12-14 years
Height:Male: 27-32 inches (65-78 cm)
Female: 24-27 inches (60-69 cm)
Weight:Male: 121-176 pounds (55-79 kg)
Female: 88-143 pounds (40-65 kg)
Litter Size:5-7 puppies
Puppy Price:Average $1200 - $2000 USD

Breed Characteristics

Apartment Friendly:
Cat Friendly:
Child Friendly:
Health Issues:
Watchdog Ability:

Dog names

Rank Male Female
1 Duke Sophie
2 Zeus Sasha
3 Cody Ellie
4 Moose Millie
5 Loki Holly
6 Romeo Dakota
7 Tank Callie
8 Samson Mocha
9 Gunner Josie
10 Chance Peanut
11 Rudy Katie
12 Koda Cleo
13 Kobe Grace
14 Maverick Sally
15 Chewy Nikki
Next ยป Cesky Fousek